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Traumatic Brain Injuries: What You Need to Know

By Connecticut Personal Injury Attorney on May 3, 2017

Accidents of many kinds are likely to cause injury to your body. One of the most sensitive parts of your body is your head. According to MedlinePlus, a blunt force (such as a bump or jolt) to your head can cause a traumatic brain injury. A traumatic brain injury occurs when there is damage to your brain because of some external force. The Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) state that these 3injuries can range from mild (a small change in mental consciousness) to severe (an extended amount of time of unconsciousness or memory loss), or even death.

What Are Some of the Leading Causes?

The CDC reports that some of the leading causes of these injuries include:

  • Falls.
  • Head injuries by an object.
  • Motor vehicle crashes.
  • Unintentional self-harm.

According to The Mayo Clinic, children (aged 0 months to 4 years old), young adults (aged 15 to 24), and adults over the age of 75 are most at risk of sustaining a traumatic brain injury.

What Are Some of the Symptoms?

Symptoms of traumatic brain injury can be both physical and psychological. In addition, signs of injuries might not be seen immediately; it can take a while for symptoms to become noticeable.

According to both the CDC and the Mayo Clinic, symptoms can be classified as mild, or moderate to severe. The list below summarizes some of their findings.

Mild symptoms include:

  • Loss of consciousness for a few seconds to a few minutes.
  • Confusion, disorientation, dizziness, or loss of balance.
  • Headache.
  • Changes in sleep schedule.
  • Sensory problems (blurred vision, ringing in the ear, or a change in taste and smell sensations).
  • Changes in mood or emotional state.

Moderate to severe symptoms may include:

  • Loss of consciousness for a long duration (minutes to hours)
  • Headaches that worsen and won’t go away.
  • Seizures and convulsions.
  • Coordination issues.
  • Eye dilations in the pupils of one or both eyes.
  • Draining of liquid from the nose or ears.
  • Slurred speech.
  • Vomiting/nausea that repeats.
  • Loss in recognition of people or places.
  • Display of unusual behavior or mood, or severe confusion.

When Should You Seek Medical Attention?

You should seek medical attention immediately. If you or someone you know suffers a blow or force to the head, medical attention is highly encouraged. Mild or severe, a brain injury is still a brain injury, and can have damaging effects on you and your loved ones. Do not hesitate to seek help. Again, the absence of immediate signs or symptoms does not mean that no trauma has occurred. It is best to see a healthcare provider, just to be safe.

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